14th World Champion Alexander Khalifman present
Position of the day

White to move and win.


Lecture 2. Part 2. Viva "Trompowsky"!

When you begin a game with 1.d2-d4, the Bishop "c1" is becoming bad. It easy to guess that if you arrange the Pawns on "d4", "e3", "f4", the Knights on "d2" and "f3", the Bishop on "d3" - then your other Bishop would turn into the shame of your position.


That is why after 1...Nf6 2.Bg5! you are trying to get rid of this Bishop at the first proper chance. If you throw away the dead weight in time, your victory would appear nearby.

1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5! d5 3.Nd2 Bf5 4.c4 c6 5.e3 Qa5 6.a3 dc4 7.Bxc4 Nbd7 8.Bxf6!! gxf6 9.Qh5 e6 10.Bxe6! 1:0


Suppose you run across the ruse of your opponent - 1.d4 d5. What should you do in such a case? All the same - 2.Bg5! Make it as the "far stupid move", do you remember? Sooner or later something will be caught by the doomed Bishop. 2...Bf5 3.Nd2 c5 4.dxc5 f6 5.e4!


Bad here is 5...dxe4 6.Be3 and Black is njt able to cover his Q-side. 5...Bg6 6.exd5! fxg5 7. Bb5+ Kf7 8.Qg4!


Black can reasonably resign - the square "e6" is non-defensible. You have not traded the Bishop, but even missed it - but there is no difference. Now Black is to pay very much to parry the threat 9.Qe6#.

Nowadays the whole chess world plays this beginning for some reason called Trompowsky Opening. It's a pity for me - because I have been used this staff since my far childhood and it seems to me more correctly that that non-pedigree beginning should be named after me. However, I still have a litt le hope that my name would be used in future. When some old-fashion chess rules start to be changed, I shall be the first to patent the Beginning of the Future - 1.Bg5!! But the existing rules still prohibit a bishop to ride over Pawns.

The aggressiveness of 2.Bg5 once was already discovered by the next move. In one of the blitz championships of Leningrad a fair grandmaster played as Black 1.d4d5 and after 2.Bg5 - 2...e6?? 3.Bxd8.


And here resigned the Black. That dubious record has been held by M.Taimanov. Really, the timid move h7-h6 (used by the weak chess amateurs) covering the square "g5" has something worth doing. Might that move is produced by the special genes - of excessive caution?

The prehistory of the "know-how Bc1-g5" looks consistent and logical. In 1927, in far Buenos-Aires the historical chess marathon took place - the match for the World Champion title, 34 exhausting games. In almost each of them the chess intellectuals Alexander Alekhine and Jose-Raul Capablanca used the move Bc1-g5, playing the Declined Queen gambit. Some twenty-five years later the prospective World Champion Tigran Petrosian used 1.d4, then 2.Nf3 and 3.Bg5 - and left very few chances to his opponents, having added one more page to the biography of the hero-Bishop. Afterwards Petrosian called one of his popular lectures "The Beginning to Own Taste or Why I like the move Bg5!". However, any good idea must possess a name of its author or somebody else if the authorship has not been confessed. Since Octavio Trompowsky lived long ago the idea of Bg5 is by right called after his name. In epoch of the technical progress the early 2.Bg5 quite corresponds to the spirit of the era and can bring troubles to the opponent of any range in blitz as well as in speed chess and even in classic chess.

G.Chepukaitis - V.Yemelin

1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 c5 3.d5 Qb6!? 4.Nc3 Qxb2 5.Bd2 Qb6


Black has won a pawn and hopes to repulse the attack.

6.e4 d6 7.f4 e6 8.Rb1 Qd8 9.Bb5 Bd7 10.de6 fe6 11.Bc4


Both 12.Rxb7 and 12.e5 are threatening. 11...Nc6? That was the unfortunate decision. 12.Rxb7 Na5 The grandmaster reckoned on just very knight-fork, but it appeared to be insufficient: 13.Rxd7. This move does not deserve the exclamation mark, but it is good. 13...Qxd7 14.Bxb5 Nc6 15.e5 de5 16.Nf3.


Black is a pawn and exchange up - that is good for him, but he has no peace - and that is bad for him. After a long think Black decided to castle, hoping to return back the material. 16...0-0-0 17.Qe2. Certainly, White had not intended to regain the sacrificed material: 17.Ne5 Qxd2 18.Qxd2 Rxd2 19.Kxd2 Nxe5 20.fe5 Ng4=. He was going to realize the more bloodthirsty plan. 17...Qc7 18.0-0 Nd5 19.Rb1 Nb6 20.Bxc6 Qxc6 21.Ne5 Qc7 22.Nb5 Qb7 23.Ba5.


In the other part of the game Black did not succeed to defend the tormented residence of his King, then missed the Pawns "c5" and "e6" and quietly lost the game.

Very soon, in a round the one more opponent decided to capture the Pawn "b2". 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 c5 3.d5 Qb6?! 4.Nc3 Qxb2 5.Bd2 Qb6 6.e4 d6 7.f4 Bg4 8.Nf3 Nbd7 9.e5!...


...not diving deeply in calculations. This position resembles the old tactic trick "a la Legalle". I think that after 9...de5 10.fe5 Nxe5 11.Nxe5 Bxd1 12.Bb5 Kd8 13.Rxd1 there can hardly be found an overbold- spirited person liked to play that position with the Queen and the King having almost no chances to survive in the scuffle. Still, the computer does not share my optimism and estimates the position in Black's favour. 9...de5 10.fe5 Bxf3, reducing White's attacking potential. 11.gf3! Nxe5. Black's horse is put excellently. But White had the sense to capture "f3"-Bishop with the Pawn and is trying to harass that Rossinant. The sacrificed material is the serious obligation for White, so he should not permit Black to play g6, Bg7, 0-0. 12.Qe2!!


This nice-looking move is of Paul Keres' blessed memory. The Estonian super-grandmaster made such move as number 5 in Caro-Kann Defense against Polish master Arlamowsky. The next White's move, number six in that game, was mating. The computer does not consider 12.Qe2. The recommendations of the robot - 12.Bb5 and 12.Rb1 - would lead to not immediate but inevitable White's defeat. The game move was intended for the cooperative Black's play: 12...Ned7 13.Rb1 Qc7 14.Nb5 Qd8 15.Nd6#. My opponent spoiled that idea. 12...Nfd7 13.f4 Ng6 14.Rb1 Qf6 15.Rxb7 a6 16.h4 e6 17.de6 Qxe6 18.Qxe6 fe6 19.Bc4 Bd6 20.0-0 0-0-0


21.Ra7! Black's position is absolutely hopeless.

I could win that game without exhaustive calculations thanks to the acquaintance with the creative heritage of the chess-players of the past. One can frighten White with the move Qb6, but he should not capture the Pawn "b2". It is easy to understand, what one may capture and what one should no t capture. ALL THE PIECES AND PAWNS WHICH MOVE - SHOULD BE CAPTURED. Lest it would move. This is the reliable remedy.

A couple of diagrams, better than any notes, will reveal the way the modern "pro" thinks when he drag some trite tactical trick out of his memory and catches the non-experienced opponents with one and the same bait. But the number of those eager to take the bait does not decrease.

Legalle - Saint-Bris

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 d6 4.Nc3 Bg4 5.Nxe5?


Legalle fearlessly captured the pawn "e5" without any doubts in the accuracy of his decision. The cavalier Saint-Bris could coolly take the bold Knight and play with an extra piece, but it was beyond him to refuse from capturing the Queen. 5...Bxd1?? 6.Bxf7+ Ke7 7.Nd5#


Legalle's mate! This combination entered the immortality. Since then there were a lot of modifications of that tactical chef-d'oeuvre - like the monuments to the first explorer.

Keres - Arlamowsky

1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 de4 4.Nxe4 Nbd7 5.Qe2 Ngf6?? 6.Nd6#.


This is the way patented by P.Keres. By the way, the popular play-tricks of the street swindlers like "thimble-play", as well as financial pyramids and ordinary fishing with a rod - all of them are the same by their essence. The baits are di fferent but the simpletons are similar in all the cases.

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